manorial customs

manorial customs
   In folklore writing, the term 'manorial custom' is used to refer to customs which originated, or are thought to have originated, in the practices of the medieval manor or manor courts. The origins of the system of manors in England are unclear, but they were firmly established by the time of the Domesday Survey in 1086, and it is difficult to generalize as differences between them were legion, and much depended on local practice. The manor involved a hierarchy of loyalty and duty which each level owed to those above, sometimes payable in services, sometimes in money, and also a complex of economically important rights enjoyed by tenants and other occupants, such as taking wood from the Lord's forest, grazing-rights for cattle, or acorns for pigs. Over the years numerous local customary practices evolved, a handful of which survived in isolation after the manorial system became replaced by other forms of local organization. The day-to-day business of the manor was ruled by courts - court leet and court baron - which also developed their own ways of proceeding, and again some of these lived on into modern times, particularly where administration of common land was necessary. Examples of customs which have, or probably have, manorial connections are: *Hungerford Hocktide; *Wroth Silver; *Wish-ford Magna; Whitby *Penny Hedge.
   ■ David Hey, The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (1996), 118-19, 296-7; William Figg, 'Manorial Customs of Southese-with-Heighton, Near Lewes', Sussex Archaeological Collections 3 (1850), 249-52; Harland and Wilkinson, 1882: 277-302.

A Dictionary of English folklore. . 2014.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cistercian — Cistercianism, n. /si sterr sheuhn/, n. 1. a member of an order of monks and nuns founded in 1098 at Citeaux, near Dijon, France, under the rule of St. Benedict. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the Cistercians. [1595 1605; < ML Cistercianus < L… …   Universalium

  • Custumal — 1) Written collection of manorial customs. (Bennett, Judith M. Women in the Medieval English Countryside, 234) 2) Document listing obligations and rights of tenants. (Gies, Frances and Joseph. Life in a Medieval Village, 244) …   Medieval glossary

  • Hungerford Hocktide —    Hungerford, Berkshire, preserves a complex of civic^manorial customs at Hocktide, the second Tuesday after Easter, which were concerned with the administration of the town s common land and local fishing rights, but which previously had much… …   A Dictionary of English folklore

  • Europe, history of — Introduction       history of European peoples and cultures from prehistoric times to the present. Europe is a more ambiguous term than most geographic expressions. Its etymology is doubtful, as is the physical extent of the area it designates.… …   Universalium

  • Custumal — A custumal is a medieval English document, usually edited and composed over time, that stipulates the economic, political, and social customs of a manor or town. [1] Contents 1 Manorial Custumals 2 Borough Custumals 3 …   Wikipedia

  • Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… …   Universalium

  • Serfdom — Serf redirects here. For the Saint, see Saint Serf. For SERF magnetometer, see SERF. Part o …   Wikipedia

  • United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… …   Universalium

  • Court Farm, Pembrey — The barn at Court Farm, Pembrey Court Farm in Pembrey, Carmarthenshire, Wales, is an ancient and formerly imposing manor house which is now an overgrown ruin, but structurally sound, and capable of repair and restoration. It consists of three… …   Wikipedia

  • Economic history of China before 1911 — For developments after 1911, see Economic history of Modern China. A Chinese dragon seen floating among clouds, engraved on a golden canteen dated to the 15th century, during the …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”